Contextual advertising spend has grown rapidly in recent years and is only set to gain momentum thanks to the introduction of various privacy-focused regulations around the world.
A report published by GumGum has revealed that 61% of US ad publishers use contextual ads. Moreover, 24% of advertisers are planning to increase their budget for contextual ads.
Table of Contents
- What is Contextual Advertising?
- What is the difference between Contextual Targeting and Behavioral Targeting?
- What is Contextual Targeting?
- Google AdSense and Contextual Advertising
- Contextual vs Behavioral Advertising
- Advantages of Contextual Advertising
- Which Advertising Strategy is better: Contextual Targeting vs Behavioral?
- Final Words
What Is Contextual Advertising?
Contextual advertising is a type of targeted advertising that takes keywords and content of the web page into consideration when displaying ads instead of user behavior.
The ads are placed on web pages depending on the content of those pages, rather than data gleaned from the consumer's online behavior and the entire process is facilitated through contextual targeting.
For instance, if a visitor is reading an article about makeup tips, there could be ads on the web page related to cosmetics and other fashion products. They are displayed on the basis of where the user currently is instead of focusing on where the user has been.
Contextual advertising enables publishers to create a robust marketing strategy through contextual targeting, based on the relevance of the environment rather than collecting user data to curate targeted ads (i.e. behavioral targeting).
Contextual advertising is an exceptional alternative for advertisers, ad publishers, and brands who can't or choose not to deploy an advertising strategy based on behavioral targeting.
What Is the Difference Between Contextual Targeting and Behavioral Targeting?
The main difference between contextual targeting and behavioral targeting is that while the former shows ads based on the web page’s content, behavioral targeting serves up ads based on the user’s past online behavior and browsing history.
Contextual and behavioral targeting are easy to confuse, but they are not the same.
Behavioral targeting is a marketing method that uses web user information to strengthen ad campaigns. Unlike contextual targeting, the technique involves gathering data about the potential customer's online browsing and shopping behaviors to then target consumers based on the actions they take.
In contextual targeting, automated systems display ads related to the content of a site based solely on keyword targeting.
What Is Contextual Targeting?
Contextual targeting is an advertising strategy in which ads are placed on a web page based on the page’s content. Since the content of the ads is similar to the context of the content, the targeting strategy is called contextual.
Contextual advertising involves a process called contextual targeting, which is carried out through a demand-side platform (DSP) that aims to place ads on web pages that meet content specifications.
How Does Contextual Targeting Work
In contextual targeting, the user’s interest and intent is assessed by leveraging information about session data. This is in contrast to behavioral targeting in which cookies are used to recreate a user’s browsing behavior.
Generally, the process works as follows:
1. Choose Keyword or Topic-Based Parameters for Contextual Targeting
An advertising system needs to know what your campaign is about in order to place your ads on relevant web pages. In keyword and topic-based contextual advertising, the ad publisher relies either on the primary keyword associated with the web page or its topic.
In short, if the keywords or topics you've chosen match the central theme of a website, your ad is eligible to show up on that site.
Relevant ads can be displayed in the form of banners, carousels, and more. Keep in mind that this requires manual judgment and execution on the part of the publisher. They need to ensure the ads they're displaying align with the interest of the target audience.
Topics generally include a broader category that fits your ad campaign.
For example, fashion, sports, vehicles, etc. You can run your ads on the basis of these categories using Google Display Network (GDN).
They also give you the option to be more precise by selecting sub-topics or sub-categories.
For example, advertisers can select women's fashion, then go on to pick from a number of sub-categories like bags, footwear, tops, and more.
2. Google Analyzes the Pages in Its Network
Once you place your order, Google will try to match your ad with the most relevant content. It takes into account text, language, page structure, link structure, and your keywords—in addition to other targeting.
When using the GDN, you can set your network settings to either broad or specific reach. With broad reach, your ad will be based on topic targeting.
With specific reach, your ads will appear only on pages that match keywords and at least one of your targeted topics.
3. Your Ad Is Placed
After the above analysis is complete, the display network finds a placement that matches your ad contextually.
Google AdSense and Contextual Advertising
Google AdSense, which is served ads by the GDN or a Google-certified ad network, uses bots to evaluate the page for the keywords and assess its content before displaying contextual ads.
Apart from reading the text, Google AdSense can also provide context for ad targeting based on the images and what's written on them.
When you go with automated advertising, the ad publisher delivers the contextual data including categories, tags, content, keywords, URL, and more to the ad server.
This information is then transferred to the ad networks, exchanges, or SSPs that provide it to the DSP which finally returns contextual ads.
On the other hand, when it comes to header bidding, the ad publishers send the contextual data to the wrapper that transfers it to the exchanges or SSPs through ad requests. The information is passed on in the form of bid requests to relevant DSPs.
Contextual vs Behavioral Advertising
Publishers need to remember that these terms do not mean the same thing.
- Context targeting is all about the environment in which the users or visitors explore, browse, and shop.
- Contextual advertising focuses on the relevance of content, keywords, topics, and images.
For example, if visitors are on a power tools website and they see an ad for repair parts for the same tools, they are a subject of contextual advertising. It has very little to do with their behavior and everything to do with the environment they are in.
On the other hand, behavioral advertising works differently.
- It tracks the actions and preferences of the visitors.
- It's based on the past behavior of the user instead of their environment.
For example, in behavioral ads if a visitor has read an article about affordable hosting services and now they are on a website that sells shoes, they may see ads related to hosting services.
Such ads won't have anything to do with footwear but since the advertising is based on the user's behavior and what they did earlier, they are seeing those ads.
After comparing and contrasting contextual and behavioral advertising, it might seem like the behavioral approach is an upgraded version of contextual advertising.
After all, why would advertisers match their ad with the content of a web page if they can track user behavior for deeper personalization?
Nonetheless, there are some advantages of contextual advertising that behavioral and other advertising alternatives do not have. Let's take a look at a few of the greatest.
Advantages of Contextual Advertising
Contextual advertising work is rooted in the environment in which the user is exploring or shopping, it offers a diverse variety of benefits to both the ad publishers and the users.
Some of the major benefits of contextual advertising include the following.
1. Contextual Advertising Isn't Subject to Privacy Regulations
In order to run an effective behavioral advertising campaign, ad publishers need to collect user data through different channels including the following:
- The operating system they're using
- The websites they are visiting
- What they like and what they dislike
- Which buttons and CTAs they click on
With publishers needing to accumulate as much data as possible, regulations such as the General Data Protection Act (GDPR) can become a hurdle.
Although it's a consumer-friendly initiative, privacy-oriented legislation has made it a challenge for advertising businesses to gather data regarding user behavior.
There is now one more step involved–that is to ask for permission from the user.
If they don't opt-in, data collection becomes impossible. Having said that, contextual advertising does not require any personal information related to the visitors and still serves relevant ads to the users. This makes it a more convenient option for advertisers.
2. Convenient and Economical Execution
An Adage study suggests that contextual ads are much cheaper as compared to the alternatives. Since data collection is the bedrock of behavioral ads, it requires quite a lot of human and financial resources for effective implementation.
Apart from that, you also need strategies, tools, and software to ensure the whole process is adequately optimized. Brands that don't have the resources to do so have a slim chance of implementing behavioral ad campaigns in an effective manner.
The most logical alternative is contextual advertising where brands can still serve relevant ads to their audience without having to spend an exceptional amount of resources and dealing with privacy regulations.
It is much easier to implement and also more affordable, especially for startups and small businesses.
3. Easier to Manage Brand Reputation
One of the major risks of depending on user behavior to display ads is exposing the website to display a wide variety of ads from any industry.
Ad publishers can exercise some control over this by excluding adult and violent categories but still a few ads can sneak in and show up on the website. It means that a brand has limited control over what types of ads show up on their website which could be damaging for their reputation.
Once again, this is not a risk factor with contextual advertising since ads are shown strictly on the basis of the keywords or topic targeting regardless of what users have been watching, reading, or interacting with.
Displaying contextual advertisements enables websites to only display relevant ads without risking their reputation.
4. At Times Context Is More Relevant Than Behavior
The entire point of behavioral advertising is to serve personalized ads to the users depending on what they've been doing, reading, or watching. However, that's not always the case. Some users only engage in certain behavior because they have particular interests but no intention to purchase anything.
Similarly, past behavior isn't necessarily an accurate predictor of current needs and requirements. This is not to disparage behavioral advertising as it has its place, but to point out that it's not always the best advertising strategy.
There are times when what's more important to the visitor of a website is what they are seeing right now instead of what they have seen a few days ago. Contextual advertising is a better alternative strategy for targeting such visitors.
5. Privacy-Oriented Advertising
There are brands where target audiences are quite aware of their privacy and don't want websites or advertisers collecting their personal data.
Moreover, there has long been a debate about the ethics of collecting user data, especially when it's done so without permission.
Technology-oriented brands such as consumer electronics blogs and cryptocurrency exchanges have target audiences that are privacy-aware and often don't allow these services to install cookies on their devices which can be used to track their internet activity.
In terms of privacy concerns, contextual advertising can be used by a brand or ad publisher, so they can still earn revenue while complying with these issues.
Which Advertising Strategy Is Better: Contextual vs. Behavioral?
To flat out pick one over the other wouldn't be fair, given that both contextual and behavioral targeting strategies have their pros and cons.
Although advertisers use behavioral targeting quite often, there are times when contextual is a better choice. It helps brands launch an advertising campaign that doesn't require a lot of resources for perfect implementation.
Contextual advertising solutions also ensure websites or advertisers don't have to scrape personal user data and worry about ensuring compliance with GDPR regulations as they can simply go for keyword targeting.
When we talk about contextual advertising, we talk about a marketing strategy that is solely based on the environment that a user is in. From content and keywords to images and web copy, everything is taken into account for advertising contextual marketing content effectively.
Contextual advertising puts the control in the hands of advertisers or ad publishers instead of the user, allowing them to focus on the present behavior of the visitor instead of what they have done in the past. Plus, contextual advertising is far more economical and easily implemented. It can be a great alternative for new and small businesses.